- More people died in Auschwitz than the British and American losses of WW2 combined.
- Auschwitz was first constructed to hold Polish political prisoners, who began to arrive in May 1940.
- prisoners are known to have escaped from Auschwitz successfully.
- Besides Jews, others deported to Auschwitz included 150,000 Poles, 23,000 Romani and Sinti, 15,000 Soviet prisoners of war and 400 Jehovah's Witnesses.
- Auschwitz's camp commandant Rudolf Hoss, was arrested in 1946, convicted of murder and hanged at the camp.
- During the Holocaust, a Jewish woman exposed up to 3,000 hiding Jews to the Gestapo to save her family. Even after the Nazis sent her parents and husband to Auschwitz anyway in 1943, she continued to work for the Gestapo until 1945.
- Of a total of about 7,000 staff at Auschwitz, only 750 were ever punished.
- The main camp of Auschwitz was like a small town, with its own staff canteen, cinema, theatre and grocery store.
- Antoni Dobrowolski, the oldest known survivor of Auschwitz, died aged 108 on October 21, 2012, in Poland.
- During the Holocaust, Jewish boxer Salamo Arouch was imprisoned at Auschwitz. He was forced to fight fellow prisoners; the losers were sent to the gas chambers or shot. He survived over 2 years and 200 fights until the camp was liberated.
- On July 21, 1944, inmate Jerzy Bielecki dressed in an SS uniform and using a faked pass, managed to cross the Auschwitz's gate together with his Jewish girlfriend, Cyla. Both survived the war.
- During a revolt at the Auschwitz Concentration Camp, a member of the SS was stabbed, then burned alive in a crematorium oven.
- After Auschwitz became a museum in 1947, exhumation work lasted for more than a decade.
- In 1942, four Auschwitz inmates successfully escaped by stealing SS officer uniforms and driving a stolen Nazi car through the camp's front gate.