- Classical Greek culture, which flourished during the 5th to 4th centuries BC, had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire and provided the foundation of modern Western culture.
- Ancient Greek democracy, the world's first, lasted for only 185 years.
- Between 40% and 80% of the population of Classical Athens were slaves.
- At its economic height, in the 5th and 4th centuries BC, Ancient Greece was the most advanced economy in the world.
- The Ancient Greeks exercised naked.
- Ancient Greece's boys went to school at the age of 7 if they lived in Athens, or went to the barracks if they lived in Sparta.
- The word "school" comes from the ancient Greek for "free time."
- In ancient Greek, the word "idiot" meant anyone who wasn't a politician.
- Ancient Greeks and Romans often bought slaves with salt.
- There was
- no word for
- in ancient Greece.
- Ancient Romans were a very bath-loving people. They typically frequented public baths once a day.
- Ancient Greeks investigated animal structure and described the difference between arteries and veins around 500 BCE.
- The first "true" alphabet appeared around the 8th century BCE, when the Ancient Greeks borrowed the Phoenician alphabet and adapted it to their own language, giving equal status to vowels and consonants.